Complement is a word or group of words that complement the meaning of the subject , verb , or object . Thus, there are three kinds of complement, namely: subject , verb , and object complement .
Verb + To Infinitive
In one sentence, after the verbcould be followed by another verb that functions as a complement verb / auxiliary verb. Some of theparticular verb must be followed to infinitive if the verb is functioning as a verb complement.
- Wrong: They decided not continue the contruction of the bridge
- Wrong: They decided not continueing the contruction of the bridge
- Correct: They Decide not to continue the contruction of the bridge
- Wrong: Father toll me that he did not intend buying the car Because it was very expensive
- Wrong: Father toll me that he did not intend buy the car Because it was very expensive
- Correct: Father toll me that he did not intend to buy the car Because it was very expensive
Verb + Gerund
In addition followed by infinitive verb that functions as a complement, there are also some verbs that must be followed verb-ing/gerund as a complement verb / auxiliary verb.
- Wrong: The man denied the take all the money in this drawer
- Wrong: The man denied to take all the money in this drawer
- Correct: The man denied taking all the money in this drawer
Adjective + Prepositon + Gerund
Adjective Combinations + Gerunds Gerunds also follow common adjective + preposition combinations. Remember thatprepositions are always followed by the gerund form. In other words, any adjective + preposition form you learn will always befollowed by the gerund if used in combination with a verb.
afraid of ð They are afraid of losing the match.
good at ð John is good at working in the garden.
clever at ð He is clever at skate boarding.
Nouns +Preposition + Gerund
Certain nouns, when followed by certain prepositions, are always followed by gerunds.
- Addiction to
His addiction to surfing the internet is a problem
- Experience in
She has a great deal of experience in introducing new product to international markets
She has a great deal of experience introducing new products to international markets
Adjective + Infinitive
Some adjective can be followed by an infinitives. Many of these adjectives describe a person’s emotions or mental state.
- George was anxious to begin the project
- Monica was glad to discover she had passed the exam
- The children were hesitant to enter the haunted house
- Betty’s parents were relieved to learn that she wasn’t hurt in the accident
- I am willing to help with feeding the poor on the weekends