VERB AS COMPLEMENT

Definition

Complement is a word or group of words that complement the meaning of the subject , verb , or object . Thus, there are three kinds of complement, namely: subject , verb , and object complement .

Verb + To Infinitive

In one sentence, after the verbcould be followed by another verb that functions as a complement verb / auxiliary verb. Some of theparticular verb must be followed to infinitive if the verb is functioning as a verb complement.

Example :

  • Wrong: They decided not continue the contruction of the bridge
  • Wrong: They decided not continueing the contruction of the bridge
  • Correct: They Decide not to continue the contruction of the bridge
  • Wrong: Father toll me that he did not intend buying the car Because it was very expensive
  • Wrong: Father toll me that he did not intend buy the car Because it was very expensive
  • Correct: Father toll me that he did not intend to buy the car Because it was very expensive

Verb + Gerund

In addition followed by infinitive verb that functions as a complement, there are also some verbs that must be followed verb-ing/gerund as a complement verb / auxiliary verb.

Example :

  • Wrong: The man denied the take all the money in this drawer
  • Wrong: The man denied to take all the money in this drawer
  • Correct: The man denied taking all the money in this drawer

Adjective + Prepositon + Gerund

Adjective Combinations + Gerunds Gerunds also follow common adjective + preposition combinations. Remember thatprepositions are always followed by the gerund form. In other words, any adjective + preposition form you learn will always befollowed by the gerund if used in combination with a verb.

Example

afraid of          ð They are afraid of losing the match.

good at           ð John is good at working in the garden.

clever at          ð He is clever at skate boarding.

Nouns +Preposition + Gerund

Certain nouns, when followed by certain prepositions, are always followed by gerunds.

Example

  1. Addiction to

His addiction to surfing the internet is a problem

  1. Experience in

She has a great deal of experience in introducing new product to international markets

She has a great deal of experience introducing new products to international markets

Adjective + Infinitive

Some adjective can be followed by an infinitives. Many of these adjectives describe a person’s emotions or mental state.

Example

  1. George was anxious to begin the project
  2. Monica was glad to discover she had passed the exam
  3. The children were hesitant to enter the haunted house
  4. Betty’s parents were relieved to learn that she wasn’t hurt in the accident
  5. I am willing to help with feeding the poor on the weekends

SOURCE

http://www.grammaring.com/verb-preposition-gerund

http://www.slideshare.net/SyifaMukrimaa/group-2-sifa

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